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Sanitation Kit for School Childerns



Worldwide, every year nearly 11 million children die before reaching their fifth birthday, most from preventable causes that is approximately 30,000 children per day. Another 300 million children suffer from illnesses caused by lack of clean water, poor nutrition and inadequate health services and care. In India, the combined effects of inadequate sanitation, unsafe water supply and poor personal hygiene are responsible for 88 per cent of childhood deaths from diarrhoea. Poor sanitation and unsafe drinking water cause intestinal worm infections, which lead to malnutrition, anaemia and retarded growth among children. Sanitation is thus one of the biggest challenges in India.

Hand-washing with soap before eating and after defecation, has been one of the major interventions on hygiene practice, which is being promoted among children in India through the school hygiene programme and mass media campaign. A survey on well being of children and women, conducted by UNICEF in 2005, had shown that only 47 per cent of rural children in the age-group 5-14 wash hands after defecation.

Abhinav is aggressively working towards this cause for improving and educating school going children in the villages about sanitation and hence reducing the number of deaths due to the same reason.

ABHINAV'S INITIATIVES
Flush n Pride is a recent initiative launched by Abhinav to do away with the practice of defecating in the open in urban and rural areas with the objective of converting the existing dry latrines into low cost pour flush latrines and to construct new ones where none exist. What was just an initiative has now turned into a rigorous campaign having the objective of availing every citizen of India access to toilet to develop the sanitation scenario in the country.

This initiative is aimed at EWS section of the society as they constitute the significant portion of the society. Abhinav, till now, has been successful in removing 10,000 dry latrines in urban and rural area."

WHY IS IT IMPORTANT TO FOCUS ON SCHOOLS?

After the family, schools are most important places of learning for children; they have a central place in the community. Schools are a stimulating learning environment for children and stimulate or initiate change. If sanitation and hygiene education is necessarily imparted in schools, it is for the betterment of the whole village community. Through their students, schools are in touch with a large proportion of the households and thus can strongly influence them.

THE IMPACT ON CHILDREN

A survey among school children in India revealed that about half of the ailments found are related to unsanitary conditions and lack of personal hygiene. Such survey results show the need for a focus on children. Children spend long hours in schools. The school environment will partly determine these children's health and well–being by providing a healthy or unhealthy environment. Compared to adults, children are often more receptive to new ideas and can more easily change their behavior and/or develop new long term behaviors as a result of increased knowledge and facilitated practices.

Also, it is generally recognized that childhood is the best time for children to learn hygiene behaviors. Children are future parents and what they learn is likely to be applied in the rest of their lives.

They have important roles in the household, taking care of younger brothers and sisters. If children are brought into the development process as active participants, they can become change agents within their families and a stimulus to community development. They are eager to learn and help, and if they consider environmental care and their role in this as important, they will take care of their own health and the health of others. Being tomorrow's parents, children are also likely to ensure the sustainability of a programme's impact.

TARGETS FOR THE FUTURE

Abhinav has taken the responsibility to curb the increasing mortality rate in villages due to inadequate sanitation and hygiene facilities.
Sanitation and hygiene kits will be distributed among the primary school students in the villages of Muzaffarnagar, UP. The kits will include the following items:

    Tooth brush and toothpaste
    Hand sanitizer
    Nail cutter
    Bathing soap
    Shampoo
    Hair oil
    Comb
    Talcum powder
    Moisturizing cream



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Abhinav Organization for Real Development